Category / Exercise

The Best Way to Improve Brain Health

November 8, 2018

The first in a series of interviews with Longevity Innovators
By The Milken Institute Center for the Future of Aging

(Advances in science and public health are increasing longevity and enhancing the quality of life for people around the world. In a series of interviews with the Milken Institute Center for the Future of Aging, 14 visionaries will be revealing exciting trends and insights regarding healthy longevity, sharing their vision for a better future. The Longevity Innovators interviews highlight new discoveries in biomedical and psychosocial science, as well as strategies to promote prevention and wellness for older adults. This is the first in the series.)

Renowned neurosurgeon Dr. Keith Black (chair of the department of neurosurgery and director of the Maxine Dunitz Neurosurgical Institute at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles) has pioneered advances in our understanding and treatment of brain cancers and complex neurological conditions. Black is also a research scientist studying targeted drug delivery, cancer stem cells and Alzheimer’s detection through retinal imaging, among many other areas. In an interview with the Milken Institute Center for the Future of Aging, Black talks about the importance of developing a test for early onset Alzheimer’s and his goal to inspire the next generation.

Dr. Keith Black

What is the most important thing that people should know about improving brain health?

People need to know how important lifestyle is to sustain health. Lifestyle, diet, exercise, moderating stress, making sure you get a good eight hours of sleep when you can, making sure you keep your brain engaged particularly in novel activities — all of these matter. You have to remember the brain is a living organism very much like a muscle — the more you use it, the stronger it becomes.

We need to treat our brains better. For example, try to avoid excessive alcohol and make sure that you screen yourself for diseases like diabetes and hypertension that can be devastating to the brain.

What will be the benefits of having a reliable test for early onset Alzheimer’s?

I think there’s a huge misconception that if you get Alzheimer’s or if you’re going to get Alzheimer’s, there’s nothing that you can do about it. And I think the science shows that that perception is incorrect.

We know two things now that address your question. The first is that Alzheimer’s starts about two decades before a person develops symptoms. During that period of 20 years, you’re losing brain cells, and you’re losing brain connectivity. If you can detect the disease at the very start, particularly before you lose enough brain cells to become symptomatic, we may have the ability to stop the process or at least slow it down and prevent an individual from becoming symptomatic.

If people are developing Alzheimer’s in their 50s and 60s, they are going to become symptomatic in their 70s and 80s. If you can slow the overall process and have people become symptomatic in their late 90s or 100s, you have the ability to essentially prevent the disease from being symptomatic in most of our lifetimes. That’s really the major reason to move towards early detection, because preventing brain loss is a lot easier than restoring brain cells once they’ve died.

The other reason people should be interested is that even though we don’t have a pill that can stop the progression, we know that Alzheimer’s also has a lifestyle component. The scientific evidence shows that lifestyle habits such as a Mediterranean diet, exercise, sleep, meditation and other types of mindfulness modify stress levels. We’re seeing that potentially even micronutrients like the omega-3 fish oils may be very important in slowing the progression of Alzheimer’s disease.

What’s your take on Pfizer ending research to find new drugs aimed at treating Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s diseases? How do you think it will impact ongoing research?

I think a lot of the trials that have failed for Alzheimer’s disease, including the Pfizer trial, could’ve been better designed and better developed. I think we have a lot to learn from the failure of those trials.

For example, how do we get the drugs into the brain more effectively? How can we better select the right population of patients to treat? I think addressing those potential reasons for the failures of those drugs will lead to successful therapies and hopefully successful approvals.

By The Milken Institute Center for the Future of Aging

The Milken Institute Center for the Future of Aging aims to improve lives and strengthen societies by promoting healthy, productive and purposeful aging.

Christina Soriano: The Impact of Improvisational Dance on Parkinson’s

October 23, 2018

This 2018 Influencer believes artists and scientists can learn from each other

By Julie Pfitzinger, Senior Editor for Features
September 13, 2018

Christina Soriano, associate professor of dance and director of the dance program at Wake Forest University in Winston-Salem, N.C., as well as associate provost of the arts for the school, is a 2018 Influencer in Aging and the founder of IMPROVment ®, a program focused on physical and mental fitness for those with neurodegenerative diseases. Since 2012, Soriano has led free weekly community dance classes in Winston-Salem for people living with Parkinson’s disease (PD) and Alzheimer’s disease.

Along with Christina Hugenschmidt, an assistant professor of gerontology and geriatric medicine at Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center, Soriano recently received a $1.5 million grant from the National Institutes of Health for a three-year clinical trial focused on improvisational dance. The goal is to learn how dance affects different body systems and to determine whether the movement aspect or the social engagement aspect — or both — affect quality of life in people with dementia.

Next Avenue: How did you first become interested in improvisational dance for those living with neurogenerative diseases?

Christina Soriano: My mentor, Glenna Batson, who is the emeritus professor of physical therapy at Winston-Salem State University, is a physical therapist, dancer and leading practitioner in the field of dance and movement. She knows how the benefits of dance and movement can benefit wellness.

In 2012, she invited me to be part of a study she was doing about balance. I had no previous scientific experience — I trained as a performer and choreographer. But I had always admired her work, and the opportunity came at a point where I was ready for a new way to fall in love with my art.

I have also admired the work of David Leventhal of the Mark Morris Dance Group in New York City; he’s the director of the Dance for PD® which started as a collaboration between the Mark Morris Dance Group and the Brooklyn Parkinson Group. They created a program that is now international; dance is recognized as an effective tool for people living with Parkinson’s.

In the IMPROVment classes, what are the strategies used that make it comfortable and enjoyable for the participants?

The classes are based on a series of auditory prompts or cues. The improvisational nature of the experience gives everyone the opportunity to create exercise while honoring where they are physically. They can be more confident in their movements. They aren’t being asked to learn something. There are no ‘wrong’ movement choices. There is no judgment.

An important clarification to make is that this is not dance therapy. I am not a trained dance therapist, and there is also a danger in thinking that this type of movement is only for a prescribed period of time, as therapy would be. We call this a practice — taking a movement class becomes not only part of your day, but part of your life.

I really observe a different type of physical confidence that happens after class ends. The strides and gait lengths of the participants may be increased. I also believe the social benefits, as much as the physical ones, are huge. And there is laughter. They leave a little bit renewed — I know I do, too.

Another benefit of these classes is that the caregivers participate. The pair shares a movement experience that is joyful in so many ways. The idea of who has PD and who doesn’t have it goes away.

How do you believe that an art form, like dance, can impact aging?

In May, we hosted the Aging Re-Imagined Symposium 2.0 at Wake Forest; the first one was held in 2016. The event came about because I started working with scientists, like Christina, and as the artist in the room in our meetings, I realized there is so much that artists and scientists can learn from each other. Aging Re-Imagined features speakers and presentations that look at aging from so many different perspectives.

The event is open to the community, as well as faculty members and researchers. It is our goal to allow those in the fields of arts and of science to meet to dialogue together. In my case, my lab is a dance studio.

Where do you find the most joy in working with dancers who have PD (or other neurodegenerative diseases)? What have you learned?

An incredible community has been created. The class has become like a family. We celebrate birthdays and anniversaries. Some of my dance students from Wake Forest lead classes at an adult day center in Winston-Salem with individuals who are far along in their dementia journey. I really believe that it’s important for the younger and older generations to be part of a creative process together.

Shy of becoming a parent, this has been the most meaningful experience of my life. It all began with an invitation to do something I didn’t know anything about, but I want to continue doing this work, bringing it out there to others.

Dance is a deep reflection of our lives. What we practice in the studio is part of humanity.

By Julie Pfitzinger

Julie has worked as a writer and editor for more than 20 years; most recently she was a managing editor for the community lifestyle magazine group at Tiger Oak Media in Minneapolis, where she also served as editor of Saint Paul Magazine. Julie can be reached via email at    Follow her on Twitter @juliepfitzinger.

7 Ways to Become a Lifelong Exerciser After 50

October 5, 2018

The secret is in factors that you can control

On a typical morning, you’re likely to find Chris Kelly, 64, at his neighborhood YMCA in Downers Grove, Ill. The retired captain for United Airlines starts his day with an early workout.

“I’ve always enjoyed physical activity,” says Kelly. “I wasn’t a natural athlete but I gravitated toward things like running and lifting weights… and I played hockey for about 20 years.” While his hockey days are behind him, he stays fit with a mix of cardio and lifting weights.

Kelly doesn’t have to make himself go to the gym; it’s simply part of his lifestyle. And anyone over 50 can make the transition from sporadic workouts to a more committed routine. The key to becoming a lifelong exerciser has less to do with access to a gym or even having perfect health and more to do with other factors that you can control.

Here are seven ways you can start working out — and stick with it:

1. Put It On the Calendar

“Most people who are regular exercisers are able to self-regulate,” says Danielle Wadsworth, an assistant professor and head of the Exercise Adherence and Motivation Lab at Auburn University in Auburn, Ala. “They manage their time for exercise.”

That means scheduling it like you would any other activity. And while working out in the morning increases your chance of sticking with it, choose a time that works for you. Some people prefer midday workouts, while others opt for late-afternoon sessions.

2. Create a Support Network

Research shows that having a workout buddy makes you more likely to stick with an exercise program.

“If you have a spouse or significant other, that person has to be supportive and realize that it’s a priority for you,” says Wadsworth. “Is your partner willing to allow for funds to be spent on a gym membership or for equipment, for example?” Talk to your significant other about your intentions and get him or her on board. Or enlist a friend to work out with you.

Kelly has belonged to the same YMCA for 25 years and has made longstanding friends there.

“When I was younger, I did a lot more by myself, but the social part of it has become a much larger part of what I enjoy,” he says.

3. Up the Ante

It may sound counterintuitive, but pushing yourself a little harder than normal can increase the pleasure you derive from exercise. A recent study published in PLoS One found that upping the ante — doing a more challenging workout that includes intervals as opposed to steady-state cardio — can increase the amount of enjoyment you get from your workout. And when you feel good post-workout, you’re more likely to want to keep doing it.

4. Get Creative

Hate working out in a gym? Then don’t do it! Maybe standup paddle boarding or a barre class will be a better fit.

“There are lots of opportunities to exercise,” says Wadsworth. “At this time in your life, you can make yourself more of a priority… traditionally we thought of exercise as doing something for 30 minutes or longer, but even 10 minutes is fine. Try new things and see what you enjoy. Enjoyment does help with adherence over time.”

5. Protect Your Body

Regardless of what you choose to do for exercise, it’s important to include range-of-motion activities on a regular basis. That might be taking yoga once a week or doing flexibility or stretching exercises several times a week. This will help reduce your risk of injury and help you maintain your mobility as you get older.

Another non-negotiable? A couple days of strength training every week.

“For women especially, I always encourage strength training,” says Wadsworth. That will allow you to continue to do the everyday tasks you may now take for granted.

6. Develop Intrinsic Motivation

People who exercise for extrinsic reasons — like to lose weight or to look a certain way — aren’t as likely to stick with it as those who have intrinsic motivation, which is doing exercise for its own sake. Being mindful about your workouts — paying attention to the feeling of moving your body and the satisfaction you feel at the end of workout — can help develop this inner motivation.

7. Invest in Your Future

“Everyone is looking for the magic pill… well, exercise has the ability to affect you physically, emotionally, intellectually and cognitively,” says Wadsworth. “And it’s not something you have to work hard to do! You have to figure out how to incorporate it into your daily life so you’re able to do the things you want to do and have the quality of life you want. Exercise is one of the things that will allow you do that.”

Kelly said exercise will continue to be part of his retirement.

“When I leave the Y after my workout, I feel great. There’s no other way to put it. So why would anybody stop doing things that make you feel good?” he asks.

© Next Avenue - 2018. All rights reserved.

Hole in One:

August 21, 2018

Golfing Creates Bond Between Team Member and Resident

Lori Mittereder, lifestyle engagement team leader at Westminster Place, the personal care community at our Oakmont campus, has a special bond with John Eisenmen, or “Coach John,” as she likes to call him. John has lived at Westminster Place for three years and when he moved in, he brought his clubs with him.

Lori noticed this, and knowing a little about golf herself, thought it may be a good time to learn more about the game and learn a little more about John.

She found out that John, who is 90-years old, has been golfing at local courses for over 25 years. After talking with John, Lori wanted to hit the course and get back in the golf game. She asked John if he would join her, he agreed, making them instant golf buddies. This past summer, the duo played golf at least two times a week.  

Lori shares, “Coach John gives me guidance on how to slow down, and hit through the ball not at the ball.” John’s tips have helped Lori improve her golf game, and while they two golf for fun, they do keep score. As for who usually wins after a nine holes, Lori laughs, “I keep score and John adds it up.” John slyly added, “as long as I add, I win.”

When John is not golfing, he enjoys tending to the community garden in the Courtyard at Westminster Place.  

This story is a perfect example of our person-centered culture. By taking just a few moments to get to know each other, Lori and John have started to create a lifetime of memories.

Try Tai Chi for Balance and Fall Prevention

August 1, 2018

The ancient practice targets physical and cognitive fundamentals

By Debbie L. Miller

Part of the Transforming Life as We Age Special Report

Patricia Bethke Bing, 75, a retired community organizer in Knoxville, Tenn., has been practicing Tai chi for approximately 20 years. She practices three days a week, for 40 minutes, with a group of people around her age.

“I decided to do Tai chi for the health benefits, both mental and physical. I have no specific health issues, but I was looking to keep my good health and improve my leg strength,” said Bing. “Tai chi practice helps me to maintain my good balance, strength, and flexibility.”

Tai chi, also known as Tai chi chuan, is a Chinese martial art performed with slow, controlled postures and movements. Enthusiasts practice it for defense or health, or both.

Tai Chi Is Helpful for Balance

Recently, several studies have addressed the benefits of Tai chi for older adults. A 2014 analysis of research on Tai chi and balance, “Improvement of balance control and flexibility in the elderly Tai Chi Chuan (TCC) practitioners” in the Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics concluded that “TCC practice was beneficial to improve the balance control ability and flexibility of older adults, which may be the reason for preventing falls.”

Peter M. Wayne, associate professor of medicine, Harvard Medical School, and director of research at the Osher Center for Integrative Medicine at Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, has been studying the health effects of Tai chi for 18 years and practicing it for 40.

“Across multiple studies, Tai chi appears to reduce risk of falling by 20 to 45 percent and is considered one of the best exercises available for ambulatory older adults with balance concerns,” Wayne explained.

Falling: A Serious Risk for Older Adults

Falls are the leading cause of accidental death among people age 65 and older. “In an effort to find ways to prevent falls among older adults, researchers have been investigating specific exercises, like Tai chi, that target both the physical and cognitive fundamentals of mobility,” said Brad Manor, director of Mobility and Brain Function Lab at the Institute for Aging Research at Hebrew Senior Life and assistant professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School.

“We and others have shown that regular Tai chi practice aids the muscular system, movement coordination, balance, and even higher-level cognitive skills such as complex reaction time and problem solving,” Manor said, “which together enable us to move throughout our environment and complete our daily activities safely without falling.”

Many factors work together to prevent falling, including balance and stability. “Unfortunately, even falls that don’t result in injury or death often have a very real and significant negative impact on quality of life,” Manor said. The result? A cycle of fear and risk of future falls. “These falls often lead to fear of falling, reduced physical activity, depression and lack of social engagement — all of which, in turn, increase the risk of suffering another fall.”

Biomechanics (how we measure and control our movement, how it changes with age and how movement relates to balance) is an important factor in the balance/fall equation.

“Our balance control system is incredibly complex and, with aging, there is a decline in sensory and muscle function,” Manor said. Tai chi helps with the ability to maintain balance, especially when we’re doing more than one thing at the same time (dual tasking), a skill which also decreases as we age.

Research Confirms the Benefits of Tai Chi

The National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH), part of the government’s National Institutes of Health, summarized the benefits of Tai chi and concluded that “Practicing tai chi may help to improve balance and stability in older people.”

At Beacon Hill, a residential living community in Lombard, Ill., one of the residents leads an hour-long Tai chi class two days a week. “During the class, residents, who are between 62 and 93 years of age, sit or stand, depending on what feels most comfortable,” said Marc H. Raben, director of lifestyle at Beacon Hill.

Tai chi’s benefits go beyond the physical. “It is highly spiritual and also helps with focusing and calming the mind, as well as with balance,” Raben added. Several studies have shown tai chi to be helpful for those suffering from depression, hypertension, arthritis and fibromyalgia.

“Tai chi helps me mentally, as one must concentrate on the moves and the sequence in order to get the full benefit,” Bing explained. “I find the practice calming and centering, and it helps me emotionally. Tai chi is a pause from daily stresses and a safe comfortable place to be quiet.”

Debbie L. Miller has been a freelance writer, playwright and actor for more than 25 years. She writes in Brooklyn, N.Y., and won the 2017 Mona Schreiber Prize for Humorous Fiction and Nonfiction.

Reinvent Yourself!

May 4, 2018

Engage at Every Age - even after retirement! If you are missing your 9 am to 5 pm lifestyle or are searching for a new “normal” after retirement, look for ways to find inspiration – a second career, helping others, discovering new interests – the possibilities are endless!

Click here to check out ways to reinvent yourself!

Could retirement be the secret to better sleep and a more active lifestyle?

May 3, 2018

A landmark study says that retirees sit less, move more and generally improve their lifestyle behaviors. 

Could retirement be the secret to better sleep and a more active lifestyle?

Just when you thought that retirement was for older adults who are slowing down, a landmark study led by the University of Sydney, Australia, has found that retirement can actually allow people to become more active, sleep better and reduce their sitting time.

Published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, the study followed the lifestyle behaviors of 25,000 older Australians, including their physical activity, sedentary behavior, diet, alcohol use and sleep patterns. The research revealed that retirees made more positive lifestyle changes compared with people who were still working. The study showed the retirees had increased their physical activity levels, reduced their sitting time, were less likely to smoke and got more sleep—essentially ridding themselves of bad routines and building new, healthier ones.

The data revealed that retirees:

  • Increased physical activity by 93 minutes a week
  • Decreased sedentary time by 67 minutes per day
  • Increased sleep by 11 minutes per day
  • Smoked less, with 50 percent of female smokers stopping altogether

 The differences were significant even after adjusting for factors such as age, sex, urban/rural residence, marital status and education. There was no significant association found between retirement and alcohol use or fruit and vegetable consumption.  

Researchers concluded that retirement gave people more time to pursue healthier lifestyles, with the lifestyle changes being most pronounced in people who had retired after working full-time. Full-time work and commuting takes up a huge portion of a person’s day. Retirement gave them more time to sleep and be physically active.

For older adults who are looking to retire yet maintain an active lifestyle, Presbyterian SeniorCare Network offers Longwood at Oakmont. From fabulous amenities to cultural outings to a cuisine cooked for wellness, Longwood at Oakmont is a retirement community that gives retirees more free time and more fun ways to spend it. For more information, visit our website.

Give your brain a workout!

May 3, 2018

Did you know that regular vigorous exercise is not only good for your body but might also dramatically cut your risk of dementia?

Several recent studies have shown that participating in energetic exercise not only builds cardiovascular and muscle fitness, but also may decrease your risk of developing dementia. 

Researchers from New York-Presbyterian/Columbia University Medical Center and University of Miami co-authored a study published in Neurology that showed moderate to intense exercise may help older people slow their rate of cognitive and memory decline.  The study found that people who did not exercise or exercised with only light intensity experienced cognitive decline that was equal to 10 more years of aging than people who reported exercise with moderate to heavy intensity.

Another study published in Science by an international group of researchers found that mice that learned a new physically intricate activity—in this case running on a wheel with irregularly spaced rungs—increased myelination of neurons in their motor cortexes. Myelination is the process by which parts of a brain cell are insulated, so that the messages between neurons can advance more quickly and smoothly.

For humans, that just may mean that learning a new physical skill or sport in midlife—such as juggling swimming, riding a bicycle or dancing a tango—could change and strengthen the brain in ways that practicing other familiar activities will not.

So learn a new activity! You’ll be helping both your body and your brain!

May is Older Americans Month!

May 1, 2018

Throughout the month of May, Presbyterian SeniorCare Network will be embracing the Engage at Every Age theme and will utilize the power of Facebook to publicize our inspiring resident and team member stories. We’ll keep the buzz going all month, so be sure to check Facebook often and be sure to share our posts with your friends and family!

Each May, the Administration for Community Living leads our nation’s celebration of Older Americans Month. The theme for 2018 is Engage at Every Age. This powerful theme emphasizes that you are never too old (or young) to take part in activities that can enrich your physical, mental, and emotional well-being. Participating in activities that promote mental and physical wellness, offering your wisdom and experience to the next generation, seeking the mentorship of someone with more life experience than you—those are just a few examples of what being engaged can mean.

No matter where you are in your life, there is no better time than now to start!

7 Reasons Why You Should Travel

April 23, 2018

Reap the benefits of health, happiness and gratitude on your next journey

By Wendy Sue Knecht for Next Avenue

Some people are just lucky — they’re born with it. I’m not talking about good looks or money. I’m talking about wanderlust …. that something inside of you that just makes you want to go places, explore and of course, wander.

My own wanderlust was cultivated at a young age. Although my family never took anything but road trips growing up, my father used to regale me with bedtime stories of Gee Gee Go-Go, a fictional character who traveled all over the world on his tricycle. It’s no surprise I became a Pan Am flight attendant!

What Research Says Travel Can Do for You

I know, there are many reasons why the word “travel” doesn’t have the allure it once had: security, restrictions, frenzied airports and packed airplanes, to name a few. I also long for those glamorous days of travel. But although the journey may not always be as exciting as the destination these days, I still think that traveling — whether to places near or far — should be on the top of your list.

Why? Because research shows that travelers are healthier in mind, body and spirit. These seven compelling reasons to travel might be enough to send you packing:

1. You’ll Be Healthier

The research is clear that travel makes us healthier, especially as we age. The Framingham Heart Study found that women who vacationed at least twice a year are healthier and much less prone to suffering a coronary event than those who vacation less frequently. A study sponsored by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute found that men with high risk for coronary heart disease who took frequent annual vacations were 21 percent less likely to die from any cause and 32 percent less likely to die from heart disease.

A Global Coalition on Aging study also credits travel with helping to prevent dementia and Alzheimer’s, especially with retired people. This all makes sense when you think about how stimulating the act of traveling is for your brain. Travel requires you to make new decisions, learn new routes, read maps and adapt to new situations. New adventure means negotiating new paths.

2. You’ll Be Happier

According to a Cornell University study, people can even experience a direct increase in happiness just from the act of planning a trip. I’ve seen this in action with my husband, who loves researching travel options and will spend hours on the computer, enjoying every minute of it.

For most of us, having a change of scenery to look forward to, something that takes us away from the everyday routine and stresses of life and lightens the heart, boosts the spirit. Buying “experiences” brings more satisfaction than buying “things,” according to the Cornell study.

3. You’ll Relieve Stress

Traveling takes you away to another world far from your normal surroundings and alleviates stress by transforming your focus.

A study from the Marshfield Clinic in Wisconsin found that women who vacation at least twice a year are less likely to suffer from depression and chronic stress than women who vacation less than once every two years. The study also found that married women who vacation are more likely to be satisfied with their marriage.

Other studies conclude that the stress reduction factor of traveling is a major contributor to longevity with men who are at high risk for coronary artery disease.

4. You’ll Gain a Sense of Gratitude

It has been said, “It’s great to leave, and it’s great to come home.” One of the best effects of travel is the resulting increased gratitude and appreciation for what we generally take for granted. Whether you are vacationing on the French Riviera, touring rural India, visiting a national park or stopping by a town just a few hours away, these are experiences that enrich your view of the world around you. Being exposed to new surroundings and the diversity and beauty of our world leads to a greater sense of appreciation for life, and can be spiritually enlightening and gratifying.

5. You’ll Make Important Memories

They say, “travel is the only thing you buy that makes you richer.” I think that’s true. Experiences made through traveling help create deep connections with others. Whether you travel alone, with a group or with family or friends, you will cherish these memories for a lifetime.

6. You’ll Be More Interesting

Immersing yourself in new places and cultures opens up your world to firsthand knowledge, more than you can learn from reading alone. The enriching experience of “being there” broadens your scope of understanding and makes you more interesting all around. You’ll never run out of cocktail party conversation!

7. You’ll Be More Compassionate

Travel helps you make sense of the world around you. How can you effectively understand others if you haven’t seen how they live? As Mark Twain wrote in 1869 in his book, The Innocents Abroad:

“Travel is fatal to prejudice, bigotry, and narrow-mindedness, and many of our people need it sorely on these accounts. Broad, wholesome, charitable views of men and things cannot be acquired by vegetating in one little corner of the earth all one’s lifetime.”

Almost 150 years later, these words ring true now more than ever.

The facts should be convincing; travel is good for us. Time to get packing!

© Next Avenue - 2018. All rights reserved.


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